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## Uniqueness constraints


The SEO URL (also known as SEO URI) must be globally unique across all products, categories, and languages.

### Name in URL

The **Name in URL** field (also known as URL/URI Segment and Route Segment) is used when building hierarchical URLs, for example, example.com/en/catalog/category/subcategory/product. **Name in URL** can be duplicated for different language branches (because the language branch is part of the path or host). In addition, **Name in URL** has the following constraints:

  • For products and variants, the **Name in URL** must be globally unique (within a language).

  • For categories, the **Name in URL** must be unique within the same parent category.

### Configure less strict validation of Name in URL

To loosen **Name in URL** constraints for products and variants (so that it behaves like the one for categories), set the **episerver:commerce.UseLessStrictEntryUriSegmentValidation** AppSetting to **true**. See also the blog post [Increased Flexibility in Commerce Catalog URLs](🔗).


Uniqueness is validated when a product or variant is published. As a result, if you move or link products or variants between categories, a product or variant can later conflict with others under the same parent category. A conflict means that two products or variants share the same hierarchical URL so, when accessing that URL, the behavior is undefined.

### Detect conflicts in hierarchical URLs

The **Find Catalog Uri Conflicts** scheduled job analyzes the database and finds products, variants, and categories that are in conflict for the same Name in URL under the same parent category. If conflicts are found, they are logged as warnings, output to the scheduled job log, and sent to email addresses specified in the **episerver:commerce.UriSegmentConflictsEmailRecipients** AppSetting. In this setting, separate multiple email addresses with a semicolon (;).

## Allowed characters in URL

You can use Unicode characters when creating a URL segment or an SEO URI for a catalog content. 

The front-end also supports a Unicode URL.  

## Configure Unicode support

By default, Optimizely only allows characters listed in [RFC 1738](🔗), that is:

  • alphabetic

  • numeric

  • these special characters

    • dash (-)

    • underscore (\_)

    • tilde (~)

    • period (.)

    • dollar sign ($)

To configure Unicode support, see [Internationalized Resource Identifiers](🔗).